The birds they are one of the animal species that they usually have pets at home, mainly some like parrots, parakeets or canaries. It is very important in any case to know what care to give, since being in a cage requires special care to be well. Do you want to know how raise canaries at home correctly? Keep reading and we'll explain how to do it.
The canaries are small and yellow birds, very eye-catching, and the truth is that they look less and less. Breed canaries It is possible if you try hard, a difficult challenge but that you can certainly achieve and get several offspring. As a fact, the canaries can be used for reproduction for 2-3 years, although there are some who manage to do so for about 10 years.
Steps to raise canaries at home
- Whether they are male or female, the canaries in breeding season they have to be placed in a breeding cage. This time usually begins in the month of March, when the male begins to woo the female, who in turn begins to build a nest.
- You should know that the female lays about 4-5 eggs, and when they have been incubating for 13-14 days new pups begin to hatch. The female during this time is sitting in the nest.
- From that moment it is when you have to provide food to the females, in addition to the normal seeds for all the young. Mix the nesting food with hard boiled eggs, grated carrots and bread soaked in wheat.
- The eggs that are going to eat they have to boil for 12 to 14 minutes to make sure that any bacteria or disease they contain is not transmitted to the canaries. Prepare this mixture with egg every day.
- The canaries are very good at raising their chicks, which they feed for about four weeks after birth.
- The babies they usually leave the nest after 21 days, at which time they begin to move throughout the cage. It is recommended that when they begin to have this independence they are separated from their parents.
When it comes to raising canaries at home It is also very important to consider the care they need once they stop being young. Your diet should be very rich. so they can have a lot of energy when it's time to have young. Mix your food with cooked vegetables, apples and eggs mixed with cookies.
One of the problems that you can find when you have several canaries is that they fight, since males are usually aggressive with the female, even becoming mortal for her. Keep an eye on this aspect to separate them and that there is no damage.
Finally, you should keep in mind that there must be a nest for every two canaries. The most commonly used material is dryer lint, confetti and burlap.
Reproductive time Canarian breeding and selection of specimens
The reproduction or breedingof canaries It is seasonal, that is, they breed at certain times of the year, specifically when the days are longer and, consequently, with more hours of daylight.
As a general rule, breeders usually match their canaries when spring arrives, since the weather is warmer and positively favors the reproductive process, however, there are those who use artificial light in order to stimulate heat and thus advance the reproductive season .
Females acquire sexual maturity at seven months of age, males over nine months, although so that the canary breeding be successful it is recommended to match them at one year of age, so they will be mature enough to fertilize. They remain active until four or five years old, even males can copulate at an older age.
In the time of the heat, the players are more excited, they jump with great agility among the innkeepers of the cage, the male canary sings with greater volume of voice and extends its wings towards the ground, in the female an inflammation occurs in the belly In addition, it carries with its beak, from side to side of the cage, feathers and other objects, indicative that the setting is close.
During the two months prior to reproduction or canary breeding, it is necessary to prepare the specimens, that is, to monitor that they do not have any type of pathology, they will proceed to deworming, it is positive to provide a vitamin complex in order to provide for any type of vitamin deficiency, we will also provide food with high Vitamin E content, essential for optimal proliferation, such as lettuce or egg yolk, regardless of the above, it is essential that in the winter time you had a good diet.
Accommodation and mating. Cages for canaries
The players will be accommodated in spacious cages, it is recommended that they have a minimum of 50 cm. long, they must have a separator with a sliding system incorporated, that way, we can manipulate without difficulty, the grid that divides the aviary spaces, keep in mind, that during the first days, they must be separated to get used to a mutual presence
Both the cage, and its accessories, must be sufficiently disinfected, also the area where it is located, note that good cleaning is crucial in the prevention of many diseases that are caused by bad hygienic habits. Metal or aluminum birdhouses are the most suitable in breeding, we have already stated, on another occasion, its main advantages over those built with other types of materials.
After a few days, the canaries, knowing each other, feel more secure, the male will start, through the bars of the cage, to feed his partner, it is time to remove the separating grid, if everything goes with normal, the construction of the nest will begin shortly. It may happen that the specimens are not sufficiently prepared for procreation, in these cases, they coexist normally, without proceeding to laying and nesting, or on the contrary, constant brawls are organized, being necessary to separate them again until making sure that they conclude this type of fights, or failing that, find a new partner for incompatibility of characters.
The love ritual begins with the approach of the male to the female, in most of the times singing, it tilts its legs and lifts its tail, allowing the canary to climb on its back to copulate, this action is repeated several times at throughout the day
Nest construction Laying eggs
If the mating has been a success, after one week, since the Canarian players live together, they will proceed to lay eggs. A female lays between three to five eggs on average, although there are specimens that exceed that amount.
In the market there are numerous materials of great use in the construction of the hedge, on the one hand, we have the artificial nest, they are oval shaped elements, made with different materials: plastics, esparto or steel, on the other, there are the supports, adapted for The clamping of the nest, can be indoor or outdoor, the latter recommended for cages of smaller dimensions.
It is necessary to supply some material, such as goat hair or ball, so the female will insert it into the artificial nest, building a very cozy bed for future chicks. Some females build the nest several times, wasting material supplied, this behavior should not despair the breeder, since when the posture is close they will make the final nest.
After construction, the female begins to lay fertilized eggs, at the interval of one daily, although, on occasion, she can rest one day and continue to the next with the laying. It is advisable to remove them from the nest box, to put them on the third or fourth day, with that we will ensure that the hatching of all eggs occurs on the same date, otherwise, some pigeons are born before, are stronger and have more chances of survival , since they make it impossible for young people to eat. In the market there are plastic eggs replacing those that are being removed.
Some females have difficulty in laying eggs, either because it is not mature enough, or because mating has occurred early, in these cases, rapid action is necessary since the life of the canary is in danger, we must accommodate it In a warm place, it is convenient to provide some source of heat, for example, an electric blanket, we will remove the innkeepers to stay in it, it is about heat helping to expand and expel the egg. We must provide, orally, a couple of drops of castor oil, can even be introduced into the sewer, for better lubrication, always with great care, since a bad manipulation would result in the egg breaking inside, with fatal consequences for the bird.
Once the laying is finished, the phenomenon of incubation occurs, the female remains, for most of the time, incubating, thus transmitting the heat that the eggs need for the development of the embryo. This phenomenon lasts thirteen days and will be from the sixth or seventh day, when they will change to a dark color, being an indication that they are fertilized.
Once the incubation period is over, the chickens are born deaf, blind and covered with down, which will be blackish in specimens of dark plumage, and lighter, in those of white or yellow color.
During the first days, the mother follows most of the time in the nest, to provide them with the heat they need, from the fifth day they will begin to leave more regularly, since the chickens, as they grow, will demand more food for their subsistence, in all that time it is advisable not to disturb the canary, we will limit ourselves to offering a good feeding, excessive manipulation can lead to abandonment of the nest, note that many females do not tolerate excessive management of their reproductive habitat.
They open their eyes from the fourth day of life, being able to leave the nest at three weeks of age, during all that time, they are fed by their parents, since they cannot fend for themselves.
After abandoning the nest, the reproductive cycle is repeated, even up to four or five times in the same breeding season. If the period has been favorable, a couple can breed a large number of pigeons.
It is substantial to have a spacious aviary so that the new offspring can exercise without difficulty, over 45 days, the males will begin to emit trills similar to those of the swallows, their definitive song will develop when the autumn season arrives.
There are females not suitable for breeding, these specimens refuse to feed their chicks, we will have to discard them for reproduction. To save the life of the chicks, we must incorporate them into another breeding pair, they usually adopt them without difficulty, provided they have chickens of the same age, or on the contrary, we will be responsible for feeding them, it is important to have at our disposal a syringe of embuchar, will facilitate the task of administering the breeding paste.
From the sixth or seventh day we will proceed to the ringing of the specimens, it consists of inserting, in one of its legs, a breeder's ring, with the purpose of keeping track of the offspring, these rings can be obtained by joining us to some society of Canariculture, they have the peculiarity that in them, our breeder number will be inserted, accrediting the origin of the bird, keep in mind that, they are closed and made of aluminum, as the bird grows, it is embedded for all life in The animal's leg.
In the market there are other standard types, they simply incorporate serial numbering, for the purpose of registering the new pigeons, there are also models made of plastic, they are open and can be fitted, in the leg of the canary, at any time, they usually serve to differentiate sexes.
FIVE FUNDAMENTAL ASPECTS FOR BREEDING CANARY ISLANDS
It is important to know what to raise canaries does not involve a large economic investment Not even much effort. It will only be necessary for us to dedicate some time and love to support our birds at this time in their life cycle.
Further, involve children (from 10 years old) This can be a highly didactic task and a perfect way to educate in animal respect.
1. Condition the cage to raise canaries
The starting point, your domestic habitat. A fundamental environment so that the Canaries are in the necessary conditions to breed as long as we contemplate some details. On the one hand, it is important to keep in mind choose the cage correctly or, rather, its size (which will not have to be too large for the couple of canaries or too small). So, ideally, we opt for a cage between 60 centimeters and the meter maximum.
Apart from providing that the cage and all its accessories are in the best conditions of hygiene (for this, the ideal is to use a specific disinfectant product like this) we will have to place it in a quiet place away from the pass of any element that can stress them, something that can be applied to both people and animals.
And with the cage prepared to raise canaries, it only remains to help them with one last element: the nest to raise. It is something fundamental and we must choose carefully (better open nests, to be able to check the eggs), in addition to providing our canaries with what to finish mullirlo to make it a warm and comfortable place to wait for future chicks.
2. Food, key to the breeding of canaries
During the breeding season, we will have to go a step further in feeding the canaries. If we supply them throughout the year birdseed as a basis for their diet, while they are raising we will have to help them to be in top form by adding some specific breeding mixture (rich in fat) a couple of times a week, as well as vegetables and vegetables for two more days. On the other hand, for help the canaries to breed properly We will start supplying them with brood paste. This is a way for them to begin to familiarize themselves with what will be, later, the food of their chicks.
Finally and especially at this time, it is important that our canaries have constantly available a cuttlefish in its cage. In this way, we will be providing a source of calcium, something they will need, especially for laying eggs.
3. Prepare the canaries for breeding
To raise canaries in their right time of zeal, the ideal is introduce the couple since early spring. It is important to know that the amount of light is a key factor in the courtship of the canary (the luminosity directly affects the heat) and almost as important as faithfully following the steps that mark both the courtship and the success of the setting.
So, we will have to start with introduce female and male. Something for which we will use a specific separator in the cage (opaque separator), so that they remain independently until we see signs of courtship. One of those clues will be to see that female and male begin to "kiss" with the spikes, a sign that the time has come to remove the separator.
It is important monitor male behavior in case it becomes aggressive and begins to peck the female. If so, we will replace the separator and resume the attempt after a couple of hours.
4. Egg laying
In this step of the process, our participation will be necessary. Canarian females do not lay all eggs at the same time, so incubation times are different and, with hatched eggs, it can be a conflict.
With a view to avoiding this and helping to properly raise all chickens, the ideal is that we replace each egg laid by a plastic egg so that, once finished putting them all (the number of eggs ranges between three and eight, although the usual is four) we return to replace real eggs with dummy ones so you can hatch them at the same time. During the time they are outside the original nest, the ideal is to keep the fertilized eggs in a bowl with birdseed so that they are on a fluffy surface and rotate them once a day.
Discover here the fictional eggs for the breeding of canaries
With the real eggs in the nest, we will have to check if everyone is fertilized taking special care when handling them (the most advisable: do it with gloves to prevent our smell from causing the female to reject them). Between five and eight days after the start of the incubation We can look at the light and see if they contain an embryo and see if it is necessary to remove from the nest those that do not contain life.
In addition, it will be important separate the male from the female and her eggs so that it can incubate with tranquility (avoiding any attack of the male towards her and, even, towards the own eggs and later chicks).
5. The care of canary pups
After 14 days, the chicks will be born. Some who, in addition to being blind and lacking feathers, will need the pampered care of their parents. And, although it is clear that his work is unique, we can collaborate facilitating at all times fresh water and food high in seeds and vitamins in addition to brood paste which we talked about before.
In addition, it will be advisable supply the mother with fresh fruit, vegetables and vegetables (especially broccoli, which is ideal to help in fattening).
And, with these feeding cares, in just three weeks our chicks will be ready to begin to fend for themselves. A change that we can live day after day, seeing how they complete their plumage and begin to leave the nest.
An experience, to see them born and grow, that is worth living. You dare?
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