The fact that the dog does not know how to make his needs at the right time and place is one of the issues that most concerns the owners. When the dog raises its paw and urinates where it should not or there is excrement in the house, tensions and doubts arise about how to act. The patience, perseverance and coherence of the owners are essential to speed up the learning process of the dog.
Dogs are not born, like cats, with the instinct of knowing how to do their needs at the right time and place. It is their owners who have to teach it, since it is part of a behavior that is not innate in the dog, but the fruit of the social norms to which they will have to get used to living in a human environment.
Patience and perseverance are essential for the dog to learn correctly and you can take advantage of behaviors that are innate in the animal, such as the fact of wanting to keep the burrow clean, or the motivation for the dog to receive a reward for Do things right. You always have to tend towards positive reinforcement and not towards punishment.
Dogs, like wolves, have since puppies an instinctive tendency to leave the burrow to make their needs. In this way they keep their shelter clean, to prevent diseases of parasitic origin, and reduce the smell that can betray them in front of their enemies ... It is precisely this canine instinct that must be used to make their needs away from home.
Puppies and sphincter control
The puppy must be enabled an area where he can do his needs. A place that is far from your food and water, as well as your bed. The corner must always be the same and must be covered with newspaper. The dog can choose the area he likes best to do his needs. It is a matter of placing the newspaper where he urinates or defecates for the first time.
When owners are at home they should supervise the puppy as much as possible about the correct way to behave. If the dog does his needs in the right place, you have to reward it with caresses, verbal congratulations and a specific treat for dogs.
The most common moments in which the dog will make his needs are: after eating and drinking, waking up or when he finishes playing, so you can match the exits with these moments in which the dog is more predisposed to make their needs
A symptom that the dog is going to evacuate is when it sniffs the ground and turns on itself. When the puppy begins to go outside he will gradually get used to doing his needs at the appropriate times.
Sphincter control is not fully achieved until four months of age
The walking schedule should always be set at the same times, for example, in the morning, after lunch and in the afternoon. At first, until he picks up a good rhythm, he can be helped by taking him out when he is restless, because he wants to urinate. It is not advisable to finish the walk when the dog has finished doing its needs, it must be extended a few minutes before returning home, so you can sniff calmly, exercise and interact with other dogs.
In all ways sphincter control It is not achieved at all until four months of age, if at six months, the dog does not have adequate progress, it is advisable to consult the veterinarian. Do not forget that it is the responsibility of the owners to keep the public road free of their dog's excrement, so you have to be provided with special bags.
The dog needs to be set behavior patterns and clear rules, so it will be easier for him to abide by them. A dog has older ability to learn In the first months of life and the longer it is, the more complicated it will be to manage and enforce the basic rules of coexistence. Try to understand how the dog thinks. He does not understand rules and norms because he does not know what they are, nor what they are for. Therefore, it is difficult to accept a corner at home where you can do your needs or a time to go outside.
Only based on repeat and insistWith patience and affection, the expected results are achieved. The dog's learning lasts a lifetime, so you have to remind him of what he has learned and reinforce him with prizes, when he meets the rules correctly.
Sphincter control problems
Sometimes, when learning in sphincter control does not progress at an adequate pace, it may be due to some Physical problem of the dog, such as a kidney or bladder condition. These cases are usually accompanied by other symptoms, such as fever, loss of appetite or decay. Therefore, it is not a matter of conduct, but it will be necessary to go to the veterinarian to obtain a diagnosis and apply a treatment so that the animal recovers its health.
The walking schedule should always be set at the same times, for example, in the morning, after lunch and in the afternoon
On the other hand, we must be clear about the rules that we want the dog to meet and transmit them clearly and without contradictions so that he understands them more easily. Let's give an example: if we want you to make your needs in a certain place in the house, prepared with newspaper, we should not allow you to do it in another place. Because if he is allowed to do so, even if only once, a serious mistake is made. The dog will interpret it as: carte blanche to do it whenever he wants, and it will be very difficult to correct him.
Place newspaper in the area where the dog needs for the first time.
Reward the dog when he does well. Do not use methods such as scrubbing the dog's face where he has made his needs.
Be orderly with the time routine to go outside with the dog.
If after six months the puppy has not progressed enough, go to the veterinarian.
Patience and perseverance are necessary to get the puppy to acquire a habit, which is not inherent to its nature.