Animals

Vaccination: Why is it important to vaccinate my dog ​​or cat?

Why it is important to vaccinate your dog or cat

It is important to do so for the safety of both your new pet and your family. Cat and dog vaccines have the same importance as in humans. This is because they protect the immune system of puppies, which is immature and their response must be optimized with the corresponding vaccine doses.

Internal and external deworming are equally important. Puppies should be wormed since they are 15 days old, then monthly until 8 months

These are some important points:

• Sick animals should not be vaccinated, as their immune system is depressed

• Ideally, our pet will be dewormed before the first vaccination.

• To obtain a better immunity, it is advisable to apply reinforcements in the first 15 weeks of age and then an annual revaccination.

• Dogs and cats that have more than one year of life and have their vaccines have a very low probability of suffering very dangerous viral diseases.

What are vaccinations?

Vaccines are special, very delicate products that stimulate the immune system to generate antibodies or defenses that protect your pet from certain diseases. Vaccines have a temporary effect on the animal and must be repeated periodically throughout the life of the pet

Prevent your pet from leaving or traveling away from home before your first vaccination and 3 days after vaccination.

What diseases can I prevent with vaccination in dogs?

Canine Parvovirus Distemper or Canine Moquillo.

Canine Infectious Hepatitis.

Leptospirosis: It is a zoonosis, that is, it can affect man. It is a disease caused by bacteria.

Infectious canine tracheobronchitis or kennel cough.

What diseases can you prevent with vaccination in cats?

Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis. Feline Calcivirus

Feline Panleukopenia Feline Leukemia

Infectious Feline Peritonitis (PIF). Rage.

How do vaccines work?

Although there are several types of vaccines, the operation follows a simple and similar principle. A vaccine may contain a small portion of the virus or bacteriathat causes the disease, or small amounts of viruses or whole bacteria but attenuated so that they barely have "strength" to produce infection. When the vaccine is inoculated in the body, the immune system reacts manufactured antibodies against the infectious agent. Thus, if in the future the animal is facing a real infection, it will be able to recognize it and react quickly to make antibodies to kill it without causing disease.

In kittens, the vaccination schedule begins at 8 to 10 weeks of age:

  • Triple feline vaccine which gives us immunity against feline viral panleukopenia, feline calcivirus, feline viral rhinotracheitis
  • Feline Viral Leukemia Vaccine
  • Rabies vaccine

The vaccination schedule will be determined by the Veterinarian in charge of reviewing our pet, since there is no universal vaccination schedule, each pet is different and it is necessary for the Veterinarian to determine the vaccination schedule indicated for its physiological stage , lifestyle, exposure risk, race and other factors that influence the immune response.

In order to vaccinate an animal, it must be clinically healthy.This is determined by a clinical examination that the veterinarian should perform to determine if the patient has indications of an infectious disease, it is recommended that the pet has 7 to 10 days at home to rule out having a previous disease and to allow adapts to its new environment, in addition to the recommendation that the patient be previously dewormed.

During the vaccination schedule it is very important that our kittens and puppies do not expose themselves to stress conditions that may decrease their defenses, they should not go to public places where they can live with other animals of which they have no sanitary control, they should not bathe until the veterinarian tells you to.

Adult dogs and cats should also be vaccinated, if we adopt an adult pet it is necessary to take these preventive measuresEven if we complete the puppy calendar correctly the revaccination must be annual throughout the life of our pets.

Reactions

When applying a biological we have inherent risks, adverse reactions may appear 1-2 days after the application of the vaccine, the most common are lethargy (numbness) and temperature increase, it is important to clarify that these reactions are transient therefore not It is necessary to administer medications.

We can also find local skin reactions, such as an increase in volume in the area where the biological was applied. In rarely allergic reactions to vaccines.

How can we identify an allergic reaction? Our dog or cat may present vomiting, facial edema (inflammation of the face) especially around the eyes and in the snout, in those cases you should go immediately to the veterinarian.

Vaccines should be stored and administered according to the manufacturer's recommendations, if they are frozen or accidentally heated, exposed to excessive light or used after their expiration date, they can be inactivated by failing immunization.

At the time of applying a vaccine, the date of application of the vaccine, name of the doctor who applied it, name of the vaccine, lot, expiration date and manufacturer must be recorded. This in order to have your complete medical history.

We hope that these points are helpful, in order to carry out this procedure, which will help us enjoy our healthy specimens for longer

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