Animals

Guinea pig without hair: hairless guinea pig or skinny

When distinguishing between the different types of guinea pigs, these are usually grouped into three groups: long hair guinea pigs, short hair guinea pigs and hairless guinea pigs. Within this last group enter skinny guinea pig, a very peculiar animal fruit of the hand of man.

The origin of the skinny guinea pig

As we said, The origin of this guinea pig is not entirely natural. In some Canadian laboratories, scientists they intervened in their genetics, modifying it in order to study certain dermatological aspects.

However, the guinea pigs who were later born without hair by selective breeding They had good acceptance as a domestic animal and their genetics have been consolidated from generation to generation.

Characteristics of the skinny guinea pig

Although the fundamental feature of these guinea pigs is that they have no hair, it should be noted that they have a small amount of fur on their nose and sometimes in the final part of his legs.

In the absence of hair on the body it is difficult to determine its color as we would with other guinea pigs, but Your skin may have different shades: Pink, black or brown. It can be given that the body of a skinny guinea pig is a single color, two or three.

Skinny guinea pig care

The most important thing you should know to take good care of a skinny guinea pig is that the cold is very bad for her. Therefore, they must live in warm places and with a constant temperature.

Equally important is prevent them from being near draftsor that your skin is exposed to the sun for a long time, because they could burn.

As to their diet, this is similar to that of guinea pigs with hair, except that the skinny must eat more than the others. This is because their metabolism is much more intense.

Thefruit and vegetables they are the protagonists of the feeding of skinny guinea pigs, along with he thought which will provide them with the proteins and cereals they need.

The skinny guinea pig leaves no one indifferent because of its appearance, but that does not prevent it from being An excellent pet!

Meet the skinny hairless guinea pig

exist hairless guinea pigs, also known as skinny guinea pigs, this peculiar pet is not the product of a natural mutation to the extent that the man intervened to modify its genetics, that is, it emerged in Canadian laboratories at first in order to implement certain dermatological studies, later It was introduced in the domestic animal market, had good acceptance and began to make crosses with specimens of coboyas with hair, its expansion and breeding through selective crosses gave rise to a more consolidated genetics, undoubtedly a good starting point for Lovers of this type of rodent characterized by the absence of hair in their mantle and known as skinny guinea pig breed.

Genetics of the hairless guinea pig

The gene that causes nakedness in the hairless guinea pig is called the skinny gene and is recessive, the following alleles have been identified:

SkSk: dominant, guinea pig with hair.

sksk: recessive, skinny coboyas.

Sksk: copies with hair, but carriers of naked guinea pigs.

To get copies of naked hairless guinea pigs we need to acquire two rabbits of bald Indians, otherwise, the cross between a specimen with hair and a naked one, the offspring will be all covered, unless the other parent carries the gene responsible for the absence of hair

It is known that most carriers of the gene are born with curly hair and as they grow, curls disappear. A feature that serves to identify future carriers.

Origin of the skinny guinea pig

Skinny guinea pigs did not arise spontaneously due to a natural genetic mutation. These guinea pigs arose from the need for Canadian laboratories to conduct dermatological studies for which it was essential to have experimental subjects lacking hair.

Being fruit of the cross of guinea pigs without hair and guinea pigs with hairThey were very useful because, like humans, guinea pigs have thymus and also these skinny had a healthy immune system. This appearance occurred in 1978, at the Armand Frappier Institute in Montreal, came from Hartley guinea pigs that lived in the laboratory.

From that moment the skinny guinea pigs were gaining adherents among those who wanted to have them as a pet, becoming a domestic guinea pig in just a few years.

Skinny guinea pig character

Skinny guinea pigs are animals very active, who are usually restless and need to do a lot of physical activity, which they will do during the day, since they are daytime animals. These guinea pigs are very affectionate, seeking the attention and affection of their owners.

Guinea pigs are very sociable and gregarious animals, so it is recommended to have them at least as a couple, as a guinea pig usually presents various problems such as anxiety, aggressiveness, depression ... However, it is possible that they show a little suspicion of strangers given His scary character.

Lacking fur, skinny guinea pigs are extremely sensitive to temperatures, both very cold and too warm, so we must always be very attentive to our guinea pig in a room in which the temperature is warm or somewhat warm, since they tolerate little cold, being able to get diseases if they are exposed to low temperatures.

We also have to watch that they don't take the sol, because your skin is very sensitive and burns easily. If you are going to be exposed to it, we have to moisturize your skin and apply special sunscreen for its use, being this one of the main care of skinny guinea pigs.

Also, we must take care of the feeding of our guinea pig, providing quality food, always having fresh hay at your disposal, pellets and clean water at all times. It is recommended to supplement your diet with vegetables such as broccoli, radishes or carrots, as well as all those vegetables rich in vitamin C.

Skinny guinea pig health

Skinny guinea pigs are considered as immunocompetent guinea pigsThis means that your immune system is able to deal with possible viruses and pathogens that could affect them. The veterinarian must be consulted annually for check-ups, as well as in the case of detecting strange or alarming symptoms such as sadness, apathy, diarrhea, lack of appetite or not drinking water.

Most of the conditions that are of concern in the case of skinny guinea pigs are those related to your skin. As we have mentioned, this skin, lacking the protection provided by the hair, is very exposed. This means that it is easier for our skinny to look affected by sunburn, or burns for being near very hot objects. In the same way they are prone to colds and pneumonia when they have to withstand cold temperatures, drafts or if this also adds to high humidity conditions.

Guinea pigs can present vitamin C deficits, causing this organic imbalances that can favor the depression of your immune system, leaving them more exposed to pathogenic organisms that make them sick. Therefore, although it is considered that providing a quality feed combined with vegetables and fruits rich in this vitamin may be sufficient, it may be necessary that we give our guinea pigs a vitamin C supplement, it is recommended that we give it with the Supervision of a veterinarian specialized in exotic. Some foods rich in vitamin C are peppers and strawberries.

Characteristics of skinny guinea pigs

The main characteristic of this guinea pig, as we have said, is the lack of hair throughout its body.
Until now we knew hairless cats, dogs, rats ... And recently we can also find guinea pigs.

Even with the lack of hair all over his body, they can be found in different colors. There are one-color, two-color or three-color.
Skinny guinea pigs, differ from the rest of bald because they have a little hair on the nose.

To consider

A very important factor to take into account in these guinea pigs is that the fact of not having hair all over their body makes them much more vulnerable to cold and climatic changes.
This means that if we want to acquire one of these guinea pigs, it is best to make sure it is healthy and strong to buy it in spring-summer, since in these months the probability of catching a cold during the trip is minimal.

Winter attention

Also if we already have a skinny guinea pig, we will pay special attention to it in winter. We will try to place your cage on an elevated surface of the ground (unless we have radial heating), and near a heat source, to avoid that any air flow or during the night, can catch cold and get sick, just as we will monitor that have excessive heat.

It is also not convenient for them to be touched by the direct rays of the sun, since not having hair could burn the skin.

How are the guinea pigs?

These are the main characteristics of guinea pigs:

  • Class: mammal
  • Length: between 20 and 35 cm
  • Weight: between 800 and 1,500 grams
  • Longevity: between 5 and 8 years
  • Maturity: males at 3 months and females at 6-8 weeks
  • Reproduction: viviparous
  • Young by birth: 3 to 5 offspring
  • Gestation: 65 to 70 days
  • Weaning Age: 3 to 4 weeks
  • Habits: daytime
  • Feeding: herbivorous
  • Character: scary, gregarious and sociable

Guinea pig types

There are several guinea pig classes which, generally, are distinguished by the length of your hair as well as by him type of fur that have. There are short hair guinea pigs, long hair guinea pigs, curly hair guinea pigs and even hairless guinea pigs. We can also classify guinea pigs according to fur colorWe found unicolor guinea pigs, bicolor guinea pigs and tricolor guinea pigs.
The American guinea pig is the ideal guinea pig to have as a pet If you do not have experience, you do not need special hair care such as the guinea pig coronet.

We can classify the different types of guinea pig as follows:

  • According to him colour of the coat (unicolor guinea pig, bicolor guinea pig, tricolor guinea pig, Dutch guinea pig, Himalayan guinea pig and Dalmatian guinea pig)
  • According to length of the fur (short hair guinea pig, long hair guinea pig, curly hair guinea pig and hairless guinea pig)

Tricolor guinea pig

The tricolor guinea pig is a short hair guinea pig which, as the name implies, has the fur of 3 colors. These colors are the White, the Brown and the black.

Dutch guinea pig

The dutch guinea pig is a short hair guinea pig that stands out for having a great white stripe from side to side of the body. It owes its name to the great resemblance it has with the Dutch flag. We can find it in different colors such as brown, light brown, black, ... The Dutch guinea pig is the smallest guinea pig What can we find.

Cobaya Himalaya

The himalayan guinea pig is a short hair guinea pig which is the equivalent of the Siamese breed in cats. This guinea pig has the color coat White or roasted and the tips of the legs, ears Y snout color black or brown. This breed of guinea pig has the Red eyes. The himalayan guinea pig at birth it is completely white and it is in his first weeks of life that his limbs become dark.

This phenomenon is caused by the Himalayan gene. The Himalayan guinea pig, as we said, is born completely white, it is an albino guinea pig because it has red eyes. If the guinea pig lives in a cold country, the gene is activated and the limbs begin to darken. On the contrary, if the guinea pig lives in a warm environment, then the gene will never be activated and the guinea pig will remain completely white. The explanation for this phenomenon is that in cold environments, evolutionarily speaking, it is logical that the extremes of the body, which are the most prone to freezing, darken to receive more heat from the sun.

Dalmatian guinea pig

The dalmatian guinea pig is a short hair guinea pig that the background color of his coat is the White and has a marbled or colored spots Gray or Brown evenly distributed throughout the body. The legs and head of the Dalmatian guinea pig are black or brown.

This type of fur is very rare, since normally when two colors of guinea pig cross these colors are mixed, they do not form spots. We can find Dalmatian guinea pigs with black or gray spots and dalmatian guinea pigs with Brown spots.

American guinea pig

The american guinea pig is the type of guinea pig more common as a pet and more usual in stores. It is the most popular guinea pig breed. The American guinea pig is the oldest breed that exists of its species and began to domesticate in the mid-16th century. At that time, the American guinea pig was known as the English guinea pig, a name it still receives today in some countries.

The American guinea pig has a rounded body and the short straight hair. It can be found in a great variety of colors as well as in many different color combinations.

This guinea pig breed is very docile and affectionate, character that has made it very popular as a pet. It is a guinea pig very friendly with people and gets to develop a strong bond To his caregiver. It has a character very playful, he loves to make sounds and ask you to listen to him, enjoy the caresses very much and pampering them. He is an ideal person for everyone and also for families with children, although you should never leave guinea pig unattended if you are with a child.

The coat of the American guinea pig does not require much care, she cleans herself well and you just need that brush it occasionally. We should not bathe the guinea pigs so as not to destroy the protective layer they have on the skin, if it is very dirty we can use a cloth moistened with water.


Weight700 to 1,500 g
Size23 to 27 cm
TailDoes not have
FurShort and soft
Life expectancy5 to 8 years
CharacterDocile, affectionate, gregarious and fearful
FeedingI think, hay, fruits and vegetables
Cobaya Teddy

The guinea pig teddy it is a breed of guinea pig that receives its name because of its resemblance to a Teddy bear. It is one of the newest guinea pig breeds that have emerged and has been growing in popularity in recent years.

The fur of the Teddy guinea pig is very special, as they have a short and very dense hair that is very soft. They have a leafy fur without rosettes. Although most Teddy guinea pigs have the fur with a very soft texture, there are Teddy guinea pigs that have a less soft fur. As for its color, they can be found in any typical color in guinea pigs: brown, white, black or gray, although the Agouti pattern is the most common. The guinea pig Teddy has a smooth mustache.

Teddy guinea pigs are animals affectionate and curious, who love to explore. They have one playful nature That makes them good pets for children.

Although this type of guinea pig does not need excessive care, it is necessary brush it every two weeks with a soft brush to control her hair and help her be cleaner. Teddy guinea pigs they have a much drier skin than other races so it is especially important never bathe themIf the guinea pig is very dirty we will use a damp cloth. This breed also tends to accumulate a lot of wax in the ears, so we must clean the ears from time to time. If we do not know how to do it, it is better to go to a veterinarian for advice.

Weight700 to 1,200 g
Size23 to 27 cm
TailDoes not have
FurShort, leafy and very soft
Life expectancy5 to 8 years
CharacterDocile, affectionate, gregarious and fearful
FeedingI think, hay, fruits and vegetables
Crested guinea pig or crown guinea pig

The crested guinea pig or self It is a curious breed of guinea pig and difficult to find due to the difficulty of producing them. The crested guinea pig is characterized by having the short straight hair except for the hair of the head, which is longer, forming a kind of crown or crest.

There are two types of crested guinea pig:

  • American crested guinea pig: its crest is white, contrasting with the color of the rest of the body.
  • English crested guinea pig: the color of the crest is the same as that of the rest of the body.

The crested guinea pig can be found in different colors but especially in brown and black.

To these guinea pigs They love to play and need to do a lot of exercise, but always in warm temperatures, well they can't stand the cold. They love to explore, so they need to leave their cage for at least one hour a day under supervision. They are quite guinea pigs shy But they like to receive affection.

Weight700 to 1,200 g
Size23 to 29 cm
TailDoes not have
FurShort and soft
Life expectancy5 to 8 years
CharacterDocile, affectionate, gregarious and fearful
FeedingI think, hay, fruits and vegetables
Cobaya rex

The guinea pig rex the hair looks similar to that of the teddy guinea pig but these have more hair rough and thick. Its fur, of no more than 1 cm in length, is something woollike It serves to protect you from the cold. The Rex guinea pig is a good option if you are allergic to pet hair. This type of guinea pig also has the longer ears and falls. In addition, the Rex guinea pig has the curly mustaches. It receives its name, "Rex" because it has a larger size of the other races.

Despite their fearsome prehistoric predator name, they are especially calm and affectionate. They are guinea pigs very docile and affectionate, who need attention and pampering.

Weight1,000 to 1,500 g
Size27 to 29 cm
TailDoes not have
FurShort, rough and thick
Life expectancy5 to 8 years
CharacterDocile, affectionate, gregarious and fearful
FeedingI think, hay, fruits and vegetables
Cobaya agouti

The guinea pig agouti is a short hair guinea pig which has the color coat Gray, similar to that of a chinchilla, although sometimes it can also be brown gray. These guinea pigs they are not usual and they are rather rare to find. When are they little they usually have bowel problems so they should be given a I think special for intestinal problems and we should not abuse the rewards with them.

Weight700 to 1,200 g
Size23 to 27 cm
TailDoes not have
FurShort and soft
Life expectancy5 to 8 years
CharacterDocile, affectionate, gregarious and fearful
FeedingI think, hay, fruits and vegetables
Abyssinian Cobaya

The Abyssinian guinea pig It is the most popular among the guinea pigs of long hair. This type of guinea pig is native to South America, the Andes, like all guinea pigs. Although he does not have excessively long hair, his fur has a peculiarity: grows rosettes or swirls giving them a bulky appearance. These rosettes, around 6 to 8, are distributed throughout your body except for the head and belly.

There is a great variety of colors In Abyssinian guinea pigs, the most curious are:

  • Tabby: It is a mixture throughout the body of long hairs of black and reddish color. The light tabby has more reddish hairs than black and dark tabby, on the contrary it is the other way around, it has more black hairs than reddish hair.
  • Tortoiseshell or turtle shell: they have colored spots on the fur.
  • Roan: its coat is made of white mixtures. The strawberry Roan has interspersed reddish hairs between whites and the blue Roan has a mixture of black and white hairs.

The Abyssinian guinea pig has a slightly different character than the other races, because we are talking about a slightly naughty guinea pig. They are guinea pigs very quick, energetic and curious, but that does not mean that they love being with their caregivers and enjoy pampering and attention. This breed of guinea pig is quite open to be trained and they learn things quite quickly, especially the puppies. Males of this species are usually a bit more intense than females.

Abyssinian guinea pigs, like the rest of guinea pigs, they should not bathe so as not to destroy the protective layer they have on the skin. To keep a clean and healthy coat we must brush them occasionally With a soft brush, they love that. We must pay special attention in the back which is where it usually has more knots.

Weight700 to 1,200 g
Size23 to 27 cm
TailDoes not have
FurLong, soft and with swirls
Life expectancy5 to 8 years
CharacterDocile, affectionate, gregarious and fearful
FeedingI think, hay, fruits and vegetables
Peruvian guinea pig or Peruvian guinea pig

The Peruvian guinea pig or Peruvian guinea pig It is not a very common type of guinea pig but its fur makes it very special. This breed of guinea pig is usually pretty big, more than the rest of the races, but they have a pretty small head compared to other races.

The characteristic that makes them so unique is their long fur as a coat that usually reaches to the feet. Unlike silkie guinea pigs, they have a division of the hair on the top of the head that goes along the back. The Peruvian guinea pig has two rosettes. We can find Peruvian guinea pigs in different colors and patterns although it will be weird to see a tricolor.

Peruvian guinea pigs are very curious And they love to explore. They also enjoy the company of their caregivers so we must spend time playing with them and pampering them.

This guinea pig breed It is one of the most difficult to maintain for the great growth of his hair. It will be especially important. keep your environment clean, having such long hair, they will collect all the dirt as they pass. Necessary brush them every day and even twice a day, not only to clean your hair but to keep it free of knots. If we let her hair get tangled this will be a great stress for her because it would be very uncomfortable. To facilitate the maintenance of your fur, also we must cut it when it starts to reach the ground, that will also help them be more comfortable when it's hot.

Weight700 to 1,200 g
Size23 to 27 cm
TailDoes not have
FurLong and soft
Life expectancy5 to 8 years
CharacterDocile, affectionate, gregarious and fearful
FeedingI think, hay, fruits and vegetables
Cobaya Coronet

The guinea pig coronet It is a combination of the crested guinea pig and the silkie guinea pig. This guinea pig he has very long hair and spiral hair grows on his forehead, It has a kind of crown or rosette in the middle of the head which can be the same or different color as the rest of the fur. The hair of the guinea pig coronet falls on the sides marking a line in the middle of the spine, making it flashy.

This type of guinea pig She is very playful, curious and affectionate, always seek attention.

In this kind of guinea pigs brushing should be daily to eliminate the dirt that they are dragging and eliminate the tangles, because if the tangles accumulate that would stress the guinea pig a lot. It should also go trimming hair as it grows to prevent him from dragging him on the ground.

Weight700 to 1,200 g
Size23 to 27 cm
TailDoes not have
FurVery long and smooth
Life expectancy5 to 8 years
CharacterDocile, affectionate, gregarious and fearful
FeedingI think, hay, fruits and vegetables
Guinea pig sheltie or silkie

Formerly known as Angora guinea pig, the guinea pig sheltie or sheltand is a long and straight hair guinea pig and has no rosettes. It owes its name to that it has a very silky fur, which begins to grow very quickly since birth. The sheltie guinea pig has great resemblance to the Peruvian guinea pig but unlike this, its hair grows from head to torso, so they don't have hair on their faces.

The sheltie guinea pig has a very character relaxed and shy, so at the beginning it will take a little longer to get used to us. It is also very bath sensitive So we will avoid bathing it as much as possible, we can use dry shampoo to clean your coat or clean it by spraying it with a spray with water. This guinea pig is not able to carry out a cleaning routine just like the other breeds due to its fur, so we must help her to be clean. Your fur requires a daily brushing To keep it healthy and pretty.

Weight700 to 1,200 g
Size23 to 27 cm
TailDoes not have
FurLong and soft
Life expectancy5 to 8 years
CharacterDocile, affectionate, gregarious and fearful
FeedingI think, hay, fruits and vegetables

Curly hair guinea pigs

These guinea pigs have the curly hair Y they are not very usuals in pet shops. These types of guinea pigs, because of their fur, require special care.

Within the curly hair guinea pigs We found the following races:

Guinea pig texel or Guinea pig tissilar

The guinea pig texel It is a very solid type of guinea pig for its unique curly fur. It is a relatively new breed of guinea pig that is the result of a cross between silkie guinea pig and rex guinea pig. The texel guinea pig is a guinea pig similar to the sheltie guinea pig but Has long curly hair.

The body of the texel guinea pig also has a kind of curly hair skirt on the back. The hair of the face area is much shorter than the rest of the body.

This type of guinea pig will need, like the other long-haired breeds, a daily brushing to remove dirt and tangles. We must also cut it as it grows so you don't drag it across the ground, especially the back It is necessary that it be well trimmed to prevent it from getting dirty in urine. They are also prone to accumulate earwax, so we should clean your ears every so often.

Weight800 to 1,500 g
Size23 to 27 cm
TailDoes not have
FurLong and curly
Life expectancy5 to 8 years
CharacterDocile, affectionate, gregarious and fearful
FeedingI think, hay, fruits and vegetables
Cobaya Alpaca

The alpaca guinea pig is a curly and bushy hair guinea pig that grows forward and over the head of the guinea pig. It is characterized by having two swirls in the back.

Require a lot of care constant so that your hair is spongy and healthy. We should not bathe it regularly because that can cause it to end dry skin.

Weight800 to 1,500 g
Size23 to 27 cm
TailDoes not have
FurShort and curly
Life expectancy5 to 8 years
CharacterDocile, affectionate, gregarious and fearful
FeedingI think, hay, fruits and vegetables
Merino guinea pig

The merino guinea pig it is a guinea pig that has the Long and curly hair, although with less defined curls That the guinea pig texel. Its main feature is that it has a swirl in the forehead.

Weight800 to 1,500 g
Size23 to 27 cm
TailDoes not have
FurLong and curly
Life expectancy5 to 8 years
CharacterDocile, affectionate, gregarious and fearful
FeedingI think, hay, fruits and vegetables

Guinea pigs without hair

There are also two guinea pig breeds what they have no hair, which are the result of a genetic modification created by humans. Having no hair, they need soft and hairy surfaces to be comfortable and warm. There is an essential difference between these two kinds of guinea pigs:

Cobaya Baldwin

Unlike the skinny guinea pig, the baldwin guinea pig yes born with hair, but he is losing it until he reaches adulthood. As with skinny guinea pigs, baldwin guinea pigs are sensitive to temperature changes and we must also have watch out of not exposing it to direct sun or cold.

Weight700 to 1,200 g
Size23 to 27 cm
TailDoes not have
FurDoes not have
Life expectancy5 to 8 years
CharacterDocile, affectionate, gregarious and fearful
FeedingI think, hay, fruits and vegetables

Where to buy a guinea pig

If we want to adopt a guinea pig we can go to a hatchery or a trust specialized shop, only in authorized and legal sites can they give us an animal in good condition. You must be at least 6 to 7 weeks old and have not been weaned early. We will have to check that your hair is soft and bald and that it has no parasites. You must have bright eyes that indicate that you are healthy and be active. You should also check their legs, which do not have wounds or malformations. Also check your denture, which is straight and strong.

Guinea pig behavior

Guinea pigs are animals sociable and friendly, so they get along great with children from 6 years old. They like rest and that is why we will often see them sleeping during the day although, as we said before, they are diurnal.

Even being sociable, you have to be very careful with them because they are animals very scary and nervous, so be careful not to make loud noises or fast or sudden movements near them. Never grab any rodent by the back since this is where predators attack them and they get very scared.

Generally, guinea pigs do not bite, but they do squeal often, either for joy or fear.

It is important to keep in mind that it is a gregarious mammal, that means that in the wild the guinea pigs live in colonies and have a hierarchy. From that we can learn that they feel a great company need and socialization. As happens to humans, they need the company of other specimens of their kind to be happy. If you have just adopted a guinea pig, you may feel sad to be separated from your friendly guinea pigs. If it is not possible for you to have more than one guinea pig, we recommend that you dedicate a lot of time and attention to make it happy.

Of course, if you are going to gather two or more guinea pigs It is important that you consider your sex, since if you adopt a female and a male you will end up with an unwanted litter (unless the male is sterilized). It is also important to consider the sex of guinea pigs to avoid possible fights.
The first few days, it's good that you don't take the guinea pig out of its cage so you have time to get used to the smell of the place feeling safe Once he becomes familiar and allowing you to touch it, then you can have it outside the cage to interact with it. For security of your things and your life, you must have a lot watch out for objects which is within reach when out of the cage because they can bite them (such as cables).

Do not worry or be impatient if at first you are afraid, because it is normal. Be patient and give it time for I know you and I trust you.

Once familiar, we must let it loose under supervision in a wider area, conditioned and safe during several hours a day.


If you want to learn the meaning of the sounds that the guinea pigs emit, check out our article about Cobayas sounds

Guinea pig cage

Guinea pigs must have a adequate space, according to the number of tenants. That translates into a cage, at least 120 centimeters long, 60 centimeters wide and 45 centimeters high. It is not recommended that they have more than one floor because they can fall. You can also have them in a enclosed area with panels, as long as they are safe from both possible escapes and from being reached by other animals. In this case, the minimum measures for two guinea pigs is 2 square meters.
The floor of the cage cannot be grated because guinea pigs have the delicate legs and could get hurt.

It is important that we arrange the cage in a well-studied place since it must gather the following conditions:

  • Be inside
  • In a bright area but without giving direct sunlight
  • There are no drafts
  • The temperature does not oscillate often
  • Not available to other animals
  • Be in a quiet area without ru>

Guinea pig bed

At the bottom of the cage we must put a substratum. This must be made of pressed paper or cellulose pellets. Do not put pellets of pressed sawdust because it is too hard for its delicate legs and could be damaged. We can also use corn or hemp substrate. No debemos usar tampoco arena de gato, virutas de madera ni serrín porque les puede provocar graves problemas de salud. Tendremos que cubrir el suelo de la jaula con al menos 2 dedos de grosor.

Deberemos renovar el sustrato una vez a la semana, al limpiar la jaula. Podemos quitar diariamente heces o zonas del sustrato húmedas o muy sucias.

Bebedero para cobayas

La cobaya debe tener siempre clean fresh water disponible. Para mayor higiene es mejor ponerles un biberón de agua para roedores de mínimo 250 centilitros. Hay que lavar el bebedero weekly.

Dispensador de heno

It is important colocar una henera o dispensador de heno con una buena cantidad de heno y que esté siempre disponible. Debemos cambiarles el heno cada ciertos días, cuando veamos que se ha empezado a secar. No es recomendable cambiárselo cada día porque puede pasar que entonces sólo elija las partes menos fibrosas y por su salud nos interesa que también coma de las más fibrosas.

Alimentación de las cobayas

En cuanto a la alimentación de estos animales, hay que darles una vez al día una ración de verdura y de fruta fresca. También se le puede dar una ración de pienso de buena calidad cada día. Debes tener en cuenta que las cobayas son animales de costumbres y agradecerán que sigas un horario para las comidas. Puedes darle la comida en dos momentos del día distintos, siempre a las mismas horas.

No debemos descuidar su peso, podemos pesar a nuestra cobaya semanalmente en una báscula de cocina. De esta manera, podrás controlar el sobrepeso y te darás cuenta de si baja o sube de peso considerablemente, en ese caso, deberás llevarla a un veterinario.

Heno para cobayas

El heno o alfalfa para cobayas es una mezcla de hierbas naturales que tu cobaya debe tener a su disposición siempre. La cobaya masticará lentamente el heno, protegiendo su sistema digestivo y sus dientes. Junto con el pienso y los complementos nutricionales, forma parte de la dieta indispensable de tu cobaya. El heno estimulará su metabolismo, ayudará a su tránsito intestinal y lo mantendrá en forma. Una cobaya que no coma heno regularmente puede llegar a tener problemas graves de salud.

Regla de los tres días

Iremos introduciendo las verduras de una en una para poder distinguir qué verdura no le sienta bien. Cada verdura le será dada durante tres días consecutivos, empezando por una cantidad muy pequeña e ir aumentando la cantidad el segundo y tercer día. Si aparece algún síntoma de que no le sienta bien (diarrea, gases,…) dejaremos de darle esa verdura y esperaremos a que el animal se recupere antes de empezar con otra verdura. Más adelante, cuando acabemos de introducir las verduras, podemos volver a intentarlo con aquellas que no le sentaron bien o simplemente no dársela. Hay que empezar con verduras y frutas que generalmente no dan problemas como la manzana, la escarola, etc.

Vitamina C

Las cobayas necesitan un gran aporte de vitamina C en su dieta porque su organismo no es capaz de producirla por sí solo de forma natural. Cuando nuestra cobaya tiene una falta de vitamina C, puede tener distintos síntomas como pueden ser resfriados, debilidad, diarrea, inmovilidad, hemorragias musculares e incluso la caída de los dientes.

Para darle a nuestra mascota el aporte de vitamina C necesario para su buena salud, incluiremos en su dieta diaria al menos una verdura rica en vitamina C como el pimiento rojo o el pimiento verde. Las fresas son muy ricas también en esta vitamina así que podemos también complementar el pimiento con alguna fresa.

Los piensos específicos para esta clase de animal llevan generalmente vitamina C, pero esta se degrada rápidamente una vez abierto el envase.

Frutas frescas

A las cobayas they like it a lot la fruta pero hay que tener cuidado de no abusar ya que contienen mucho azúcar y les puede hacer engordar. Se debe dar en cantidades muy pequeñas y sólo 2 o 3 veces a la semana.

Las frutas más adecuadas son: manzana, pera, kiwi, fresas, sandía y piña. Se les puede dar cítricos pero en pequeñas cantidades.

Pienso para cobayas

El pienso se les debe dar para complementar la dieta, no como base. Debe tener mucha fibra y ser pienso en pellets (pienso prensado). Hay que evitar las semillas y el pienso que tenga distintos elementos entre los que la cobaya pueda elegir (queremos que se lo coma todo, no sólo las partes que más le gustan).

Alimentos prohibidos para cobayas

Los alimentos de origen animal como la carne, los lácteos y los huevos son muy poco aconsejables dado que las cobayas son animales herbivores y se alimentan sólo de vegetales.

Algunas plantas o especias pueden resultar tóxicas para los animales, así que no debemos dárselas bajo ningún concepto.

Finalmente, todos los productos que lleven sugar (para el consumo humano) no son adecuados para ellas. Pueden causarles trastornos intestinales y ceguera, entre otros.

Estos son los alimentos que nunca debes darle a tu cobaya:

  • Frutos secos
  • Legumbres
  • Garlic
  • Onion
  • Puerro
  • Patata
  • Boniato
  • Derivados animales
  • Sugar
  • Avocado
  • Lechuga iceberg
  • Coliflor
  • Alimento para perros o gatos
  • Alimentos cocinados
  • Carne
  • Café
  • Salt
  • Menta
  • Avena procesada (para consumo humano)
  • Quesos y lácteos en general
  • Fruta en conserva o en almíbar
  • Chocolate
  • Hojas del tomate
  • Flor de pascua
  • Hojas o tallos de bambú
  • Hojas de té
  • Esparraguera
  • Belladonna
  • Hongos
  • Orquídeas
  • Rododendros
  • Hiedras
  • Helechos
  • Cactus
  • Clavel
  • Geranio
  • Ricino
  • Mistletoe
  • Prímulas
  • Ficus
  • Narciso
  • Enebro
  • Oak
  • Amapolas
  • Cannabis
  • Aloe vera
  • Bulbos
  • Violeta
  • Tejo

Las cobayas, como suele pasar con los roedores, son animales que se lavan ellos mismos continuamente. Lo hacen acicalándose y lamiéndose el pelaje varias veces al día. Aun así, debemos saber sus hábitos y cómo podemos mejorar su calidad de vida.

Bañar una cobaya

Estos animales son muy limpios, por lo que evitaremos el baño a menos que sea muy necesario. Para lavarlas podemos usar toallitas de bebé. En caso de que sea estrictamente necesario bañarlas, debemos hacerlo a una temperatura adecuada (ni muy fría ni muy caliente, debe estar templada) y con especial cuidado de no mojarle la cabeza ni las orejas. Como champú, usaremos uno especial para roedores. Podemos encontrar también en las tiendas champú seco para roedores, que son unos polvos que podemos aplicar en su pelaje sin mojar al animal en ningún momento. Para retirarlo basta con cepillar su pelo con un cepillo suave. El champú seco absorbe la suciedad, la grasa y los malos olores dejando el pelo perfumado.
Nos aseguraremos de que quede bien seca (para que no coja un resfriado) usando una toalla de algodón muy suave. En ningún caso usaremos el secador porque puede ser peligroso para el animal.

Una vez seca, podemos ofrecerle un brushed del pelo con un cepillo pequeño y suave para eliminar los posibles enredos y el pelo muerto.

Uñas de la cobaya

En un ambiente doméstico, las uñas de las cobayas suelen no desgastarse. Es por eso que hay que ir controlando sus uñas y cortar las uñas de la cobaya en caso de ser necesario. Se debe utilizar un cortaúñas para cobayas o para gatos (no para perros) sin tocar la zona rosada de la uña. Es aconsejable go to a veterinarian para que nos enseñe a hacerlo de forma segura ya que es una tarea delicada en la que podemos causarle una hemorragia a la criatura en caso de hacerlo mal.

Salud de las cobayas

Cuando adoptamos una cobaya es aconsejable llevarla al veterinario para una revisión para comprobar que tiene buena salud y para desparasitarla en caso de ser necesario. Es recomendable acudir al veterinario mínimo once a year.
Es difícil percibir si nuestra cobaya está enferma, por lo que nuestra primera señal de alarma será ver a nuestra mascota escondida y triste. Ante esta situación, debemos llevarla a un veterinario de exóticos en seguida. Si nos es imposible llevarla a un especialista de animales exóticos (eso incluye a los roedores) podemos llevarla a un veterinario convencional para que la atiendan con un mínimo de conocimientos.

Síntomas que nos indican que nuestra cobaya está enferma:

    Her >Enfermedades comunes en cobayas

Las cobayas pueden ponerse enfermas debido a diversos factores como por ejemplo una mala alimentación, falta de cuidados o accidentes.

Enfermedad respiratoria

Es muy peligrosa porque puede derivar en una neumonía. Si nuestra cobaya tose, estornuda o tiene mucosidad, lo más probable es que esté tu cobaya resfriada. En ese caso, deberemos acudir al veterinario de inmediato, no podemos esperar.

La cobaya suele rascarse y provocarse heridas. Es importante llevarla al veterinario para aplicarle un antiparasitario.

Reproducción de las cobayas

Las cobayas son animales vivíparos, es decir, las crías se desarrollan dentro del útero de la madre hasta el momento de nacer.

The cobayas macho alcanzan la madurez sexual a los 2 meses y son polígamos, lo que significa que se aparean con varias hembras. The cobayas hembra alcanzan la madurez sexual al primer mes, pero no es aconsejable que lo hagan antes de los primeros 7 meses de vida pues existe el riesgo de que las crías no se desarrollen bien. Las hembras se ponen en zeal cada 16 días.

Para lograr el apareamiento, el macho corteja a la hembra ronroneando, moviendo el trasero y girando a su alrededor. Después de la fertilization, the gestation dura entre 59 y 72 días. Generalmente una cobaya da a luz de 1 a 7 crías, aunque las primerizas o las muy adultas solo dan a luz 1 o 2 crías. Al nacer, las crías de cobaya pesan entre 50 y 100 gramos y nacen totalmente desarrolladas, con los ojos abiertos y con bastante pelo. Además, a las pocas horas de nacer ya son increíblemente autónomas y juegan y se mueven de forma independiente. Sin embargo, como mamíferos que son, siguen dependiendo de la madre alimentándose de ella durante los primeros días. The lactancia de estas crías dura de 3 a 4 semanas.

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