Animals

Know what feline atopic dermatitis is

Ringworm is the most common skin problem in cat puppies, and, in adults, allergy

  • Author: By CAROLINA PINEDO
  • Publication date: November 28, 2013

Tub, atopic dermatitis and Feline acne are diseases that can affect to the cat's skin. Some of them may also be contagious for people and most affect puppies, because they don't have their defenses developed. This article explains the most common cat skin problems, including flea allergy, cat mange or the so-called cheyletiella feline They are also offered guidelines for the cat to have healthy skin.

Diseases in the cat's skin: dangers

Certain diseases of the cat's skin can be spread to people, so you have to maximize hygiene and consult the veterinarian

Cat puppies -especially if they come from the street-, the felines that live in an unhealthy environment, as well as those who suffer from cancer constitute the cat population most prone to suffer from dermatological pathologies. The ringworm is the most common skin pathology in cat puppies. However, in the case of adults, the most common skin problem is allergies.

The veterinarian Cristina Serrano, feline specialist, figures the percentage of cats with skin diseases which is attended in a veterinary clinic in a 20%. The following explains how and what are the most common skin diseases among cats, and how to protect them from these problems.

Tinea cat, a typical feline street disease

Felines with parasites, who live in precarious hygienic conditions or who are puppies, are the more likely to suffer ringworm, a disease caused by a fungus. "The Tinea Feline can be spread to people and its treatment consists of antifungal medications, against fungi, "explains Imanol Sagarzazu, veterinarian.

In the case of kittens under one year of age, they are more likely to get ringworm because they have lower defenses than an adult feline. The breed can also predispose to suffer from ringworm, as in the case of Persian.

How to detect atopic dermatitis in our cat?

The way we have to detect this disease is through injuries that our cat is made in the skin caused by the intense itching caused by the purites that have arisen in his skin derived from atopic dermatitis.

Another way to detect it is by lack of hair or the well-known alopecia that our cat can suffer in areas affected by the puritous or the irritated areas that become inflamed and can lead to scab wounds.

So when this happens is advisable to go to the vet To make a clinical diagnosis but before you must make a differential to rule out other possible diseases and can tell us exactly that it is atomic dermatitis.

Other symptoms additional to dermatitis and for which we can detect that something is not going well with respect to the health issue of our pet is the change in hair color In addition to our feline, it can also have more tangled hair than normal, also the appearance of scab wounds can be one of the main alarm signals that our cat is scratching because something itches.

You should know that already in case a cat is too reserved with respect to its behavior so it will not scratch or lick excessively in front of you, but this does not mean that your feline in intimacy is not doing it.

Cat acne: a skin disease

Long-haired cats are the most likely to suffer from feline acne, a disease of their skin

The Longer-haired cats are the most likely to suffer from feline acne, which consists of black spots that appear in the chin area. The reason for this skin pathology is the moisture left in the chin of the cat when he drinks water.

Feline acne is caused by a bacterial infection which requires antibiotic treatment and a specific cat shampoo for the affected area.

Diagnosis

As we have said the best option when we do not know what may be happening regarding the health of our cat is go to the vet so that this makes the relevant tests to our feline and can tell us what is happening to him.

As we have explained previously a clinical diagnosis in which we will be asked to explain the symptoms of our cat, and it is that being itchy, the first thing the specialist will think is that it is fleas.

After verifying that it is not really fleas, the veterinarian will go on to do a blood test to see what may be affecting our feline, which is what will tell us if it is a parasite or a reaction allergic

Diseases in cats: atopic dermatitis or skin allergy

A cat can develop environmental or food allergies, which cause itching or redness in the skin

Allergies to food or environmental substances, such as mites or pollen, are the causes that cause the symptoms of Allergic dermatitis: pruritus, redness or peeling of the cat's skin.

The feline with allergic dermatitis scratches compulsively and usually end up suffering from a bacterial infection, which requires antibiotic treatment, in addition to finding out which is the allergen that causes the pathology.

How to end her with her?

Atopic dermatitis is a problem that today does not have a treatment that can be completely cured and eradicated, although there are a series of products and medicines dedicated only and, exclusively, to reduce the levels of itching felt by our pet .

These types of medications intended for our feline to have less itching are called glucocorticoids and antihistamines, and are usually the most recommended treatment by veterinarians. But the most appropriate treatment for solve this problem It is immunotherapy although its high cost is that it mainly makes it difficult to be the most used.

Some home remedies to heal the wounds that our cat does when scratching can go from lavender oil to marigold cream. Although you have to be aware that once you have applied these products your cat does not lick the wounds.

Cats with flea allergy

Flea cats may have an allergic skin reaction, "which always manifests in the cat's neck, although the bites suffer in other areas of his body"explains Sagarzazu.

Faced with these irritations of the cat's skin caused by parasites, the first step is to eliminate fleas with insecticides and then administer antibiotic to curb the bacterial infection of the cat's neck skin caused by these parasitic jumping.

How to prevent its appearance?

As we have said before, atopic dermatitis is usually caused mainly by some type of allergy to mites or pollen, so a measure to prevent the appearance of atopic dermatitis is to keep our animal as far away as possible from the substance that gives it allergy.

And it is that as some of these substances that cause our cat's allergy may be present in your body is advisable to use the right shampoo to make you disappear, in addition to combing and grooming your leather in the best possible way so that it stays as clean and neat as possible.

Cheyletiella felina, a cat mite that produces a lot of itching

A strong itching and a peeling of the cat's skin, similar to dandruff, are the symptoms that a cat has cheyletiella. This dermatological pathology is usually suffered the feline puppies, and is caused by a mite.

The cat suffering from cheyletiella you can transmit it to people. The veterinarian will treat this pathology of the cat's skin with antibiotics.

Treatment of dermatitis in cats

Our cats live surrounded by elements that can be potential allergens: plants, pollen, air fresheners, cleaning products and other chemicals ... In addition to their own food. There are many possible causes of dermatitis in cats, so it is important to know their treatment.

Dermatitis in cats is characterized by causing many itching, rashes, redness, inflammation and peeling skin. To apply the most appropriate treatment, it is essential to know which allergen is causing dermatitis, as this can cause the medications used to vary, in addition to having to remove it from the cat's environment.

If it turns out to be the food, of course, it will have to be changed, preferably to a higher quality one, even better if it can be premium. The veterinarian will recommend the best option based on your allergies. Keep an eye on what chemicals and materials your cat has contact with at home, once you discover which one causes that dermatitis, keep it away from him as much as possible.

This will not be enough, it is necessary to remit the symptoms of dermatitis in cats with anti-inflammatory drugs, which are usually applied in the form of ointments. Also ask your veterinarian for information on natural remedies that can relieve your discomfort, such as oatmeal or chamomile baths.

Once you have recovered from the symptoms, you will have to apply all possible precautions so that you do not have a relapse. Dermatitis in cats is not a serious disease in itself, but it can be very complicated, especially if the cat scratches too much and causes secondary infections. The best is prevention!

Otodectes, a cat's ear skin problem

The otitis or inflammation and ear pain is the main symptom of a feline that suffers otodectes. The most vulnerable are the cat puppies the street. His mother, also infected, transmits the parasites, which lodge in the ear, through her milk.

Medicines to fight otitis (anti-inflammatory and antibiotics), as well as antiparasitic products, are used to treat this disease.

Cat's scabies, a skin problem

Demodectic mange is rare in cats and is not contagious to people, since it is a disease that develops through a parasite (mite) that we have on the skin, both cats and people. This mite is activated when the animal is sick and its defenses do not work at full capacity.

Another type of scabies that is more frequent in cats is the so-called sarcoptic, which occurs when the hygienic conditions of the cat are inadequate. The symptoms of this scabies are itching, redness and peeling. And, in case the disease is in an advanced state, a peculiar and unpleasant smell on cat's skin.

Three tips for healthy cat skin

1. "Food is essential for the cat to have healthy skin", says Cristina Serrano, veterinarian specialist in cats." High-end feed is recommended, rich in omega 3 and 6 fatty acids, which keeps the cat's skin in shape, "he says.

2. Internal and external deworming is a fundamental issue to avoid infections, irritations and wounds on the cat's skin.

3. The ingestion of malt by the cat helps Avoid hairballs that form in your stomach due to grooming. The malt can also be purchased with the addition of omega 3 and 6 fatty acids, "which helps keep the cat's fur healthy and shiny," says Serrano.