Animals

Yorkshire Terrier: care, food, health, hygiene and tips to train this dog

The Yorkshire Terrier Dog It is one of the most famous and widespread breeds of small dogs worldwide. Do you have one of these puppies so sweet and funny? As you know, The hair of these dogs requires special attention, because being long it gets tangled if you don't brush often.

In this new post we show you how to take care of your Yorkie's hair easily and with very good results. It is simpler than you think!

The base of the cu> (Photo via: expert animal)

It is the most important. Yorkshire terrier dogs have long hair, so they need to be brushed often to undo knots, remove dead hair and remove dust and dirt That is trapped between her hairs. In addition, brushing it also helps distribute and regulate the natural fat your hair has. This fat is what makes this breed's hair so smooth, soft and shiny.

To make it easy to brush a Yorkshire terrier dog is better get used to it since childhood. If you take a routine of brushing it 2 to 3 times a week from a puppy, it will behave better. He will even like it!

How to brush a Yorkshire terrier dog

Before you start, keep in mind that it is not advisable to brush it with completely dry hair. Look at your Yorkshire hair: if it is dry, you can moisten it with a spray conditioner, if it is oily, it will be enough to moisten it with water by running your hands through your hair. It doesn't take much.

When your hair is ready, run your fingers through your hair to detect knots. If possible, undo the larger ones by separating the fibers with your hands. If you can't, you may have to cut them. The most conflictive areas are usually the back of the ears and armpits.

Use a metal comb with fine spikes, go combing carefully in favor of hair. If when you reach the tail you find dry stools stuck, it is best to cut the strand.

Bathing a Yorkshire Terrier

Each dog, depending on their breed, their routine and external factors such as their environment, may need a different bath frequency. There are dogs that need to bathe often, and others that can spend a couple of months without bathing and holding clean. On average, the most appropriate frequency for Yorkshire terrier dogs is a monthly bath. Of course, this is indicative, if a particular day is very dirty and needs a bath, you can give it to him without waiting for a month from the previous bathroom.

Before the bath, you must have combed your dog well. If you don't undo the knots well, the water will tighten them even more! Also, remember to put two cotton balls in your ears so that water does not enter.

Use warm water, carefully begin to wet his back and legs, and then the head. Pour a little shampoo into your hand and rub gently in circular motions, being careful not to get in the eyes. Do not use human shampoo! You can buy dog ​​shampoo or make your own homemade shampoo.

When you have finished washing it, Rinse with warm water, insisting well until completely clean water comes out. Do not leave soap residue on your body! It could cause itching or skin reactions.

Optionally, you can use conditioner for dogs later, following the same procedure.

Drying and brushing after bathing

Drying is as important as the bathroom itself. At the end of the bath, your dog will shake itself, this will eliminate much of the water. When you finish shaking, wrap it in a towel and gently press your body to absorb moisture. It is better not to rub so as not to tangle your hair too.

If you are not afraid, you can also use a dryer, at the lowest temperature and always about 20 - 30 cm from your body. If it is not possible, do not worry, the towel will suffice.

It is very important to dry the Yorkshire terrier dog, especially in cold weather. If you leave traces of moisture you could catch a cold. When it is dry, comb it again as we told you above.

Do you need haircut?

It is recommended that Yorkshire terrier dogs have their hair cut two or three times a year, for this it is better to go to a professional canine hairdresser. But As maintenance during the rest of the year, you can do a dog grooming session at home.

To do this, use a blunt tip scissors, makes cutting easier and is safer for your dog. Normally, one of the parts of your body that usually needs a haircut is the lower part of the legs. It may also be a good idea to match the hair of the chin and bangs, so that it does not get into your eyes. If you keep your hair short around the anus, you will avoid staining.

When you need a generalized cut, as we say, it is better to have the help of a hairdresser.

Taking care of the Yorkshire terrier dog's hair requires a little time and effort, but it is not complicated and the results will be very rewarding. Make your Yorkie always very handsome!

Everything you should about the Yorkshire Terrier

The fact that this breed, which is also called yorkie, is small does not mean that it is not a special animal, that It doesn't even have a hint of boring, being a true miniature terrier.

Few breeds have reached the popularity of the yorkshire, an observant dog that is able to make an accurate record of everything that happens around it. Affectionate, kind and affectionate, that of the yorkshire is no fashion but a preference that is maintained over time.

The dog breed of small dogs of the yorkshire terrier is the fruit of the combination of English and Scottish terrier, originated when part of the population of Scotland had to move, on the occasion of the Industrial Revolution, to settle in England.

Its name is because it originated in Yorkshire as well as in the adjacent Lancashire, where Scottish workers arrived in the mid-nineteenth century looking for work and carrying with them different varieties of small terrier dogs.

Used in coal mines, wool or cotton factories and mills, these workers took their little dogs with them to hunt rodents that roamed these places.

As a curiosity, it should be noted that the fact that textile industry workers caressed these dogs with their hands impregnated in lanolin, made her hair grow faster and with greater softness and shine.

Among the only few data that are known for sure is the fact that the breed arose from three different dogs, one male and two females, also among the animals that originated the paisley terrier, even the Maltese.

In 1865 the breed's standards were defined and its official name was adopted in 1870. During the Victorian Era, its popularity as a pet and as an exhibition dog in England greatly increased. In this way, the yorkshire terrier it was one more of the Victorian customs that the Americans took for themselves.

However, by 1940 the popularity of this breed began to decline in America due to the alarming decline in records that reached the small races at that time, not reaching 18% of the total of them.

Years later, there was a rebound in this type of breed, with the Yorkshire Terrier in 2002 showing the most popular breed condition in the United States.

Characteristics and physical features

These little teacup puppies reach a height of between 20 and 30 centimeters ...

With obvious differences, what many consider the reduction of the skype terrier, which would have taken its thick, abundant and long hair, together gives the impression of being a very well proportioned dog, with a fast walk very characteristic with small steps, whose beautiful layer extends to the wind.

its head it's something flat, the skull Not round or prominent excessively. its snout It is not too long. its truffle It is black. Has long hairs, black-gold hue, more intense under the ears, cheeks and snout.

Their eyes They are not prominent and rather dark, with an equally dark eyelid border. Their ears They are tiny, forming a "v" and covered with short hair. They are not excessively distanced from each other and are semi-erect or erect.

its body It is compact, with straight back and strong kidneys. Their extremities They are straight, with intense fire color spots and hair covers. Their feet They are almost round. Their nail They are black. its tail It comes to be cut over half its length, somewhat above the back and covered with a darker coat than the one on the back.

Colors and layer

The color of a yorkie is a separate matter. The tone of the puppies is a combo. It is best not to try to select a puppy of this breed because of its color because almost everyone is going to be born in black with tan brush strokes, called "pointers" that are usually found under the ears or in the tail and over the eyes .

It will be over the next two years when the yorkshire or not changes the hue of your hair. Ideally, the black color will lead to a blue-steel which is the tone that marks the norm, but in many cases the definitive color that the dog will reach in adulthood is practically unpredictable.

The transformation of the hair begins gradually around 6 months of age of the puppy. Normally, the mantle begins to grow and soften until it acquires the appearance of silky fur so peculiar and valued in this breed.

This gradual transformation usually extends to 2 years of age of the yorkie, tending to stabilize around 3 years. It is possible that the color of an adult yorkie varies from a dark color to a silver blue or a light blue. The adult tends to have a more golden and tan color, with a much lighter coat than the one he exhibited when he was a puppy.

Temperament

The friendly yorkshire are one of the most demanded races and worn by their proud owners, that do not usually resist the temptation to fix them with all kinds of accessories that the market makes available to this toy breed.

After his tiny appearance, he often encloses a strong and tenacious character along with an unusual bravery for his size, which does not rarely begin to bark at other dogs of a much larger size. This insightful and faithful companion, which constitutes a cute and a true exponent of tenderness, is as attractive for its physical attributes as for its pronounced character.

Many are those who say that a yorkie “talk with your eyes ”, consulting how much is within your eyes. Each specimen of this breed flaunts its own particular language that allows a fluid communication with its owner and that is based on groans, barks and grunts.

A yorkshire also seeks ways to communicate what its intentions and feelings are. If a puppy of this breed loves something, it is that his family lavish constant pampering and affection, presuming to be the center of attention of the house. From the moment one of these puppies arrives at a home, it becomes very easy to become another member of the family, which makes it extremely happy.

Among its capabilities is to intuit the mood of its owner. Bold, brave, independent and confident with his own, he is able to "catch on the fly" the good and bad times they go through, acting equally with joy or concern, depending on the circumstances.

It is commented that inside a small yorkie inhabits a great personality and that in them the best of intelligence and the speed that characterizes the terrier with an affection, sweetness and extreme loyalty to their family, which makes the specimens of this breed into a wonderful companion pet.

Thus, he will not hesitate a moment to show such affection to those around them, for which he will take advantage, among other moments, those in which they take him in his arms, a gesture that he will greatly appreciate, because if a Yorkie likes something it is to settle comfortably in The lap of their owners.

One of the issues that you should keep in mind before adopting a yorkshire is whether your lifestyle can be adapted to your demands, both for attention and company, as these pets they hate spending a lot of time alone.

This breed is suitable for those people who do not have too much space in their home. Its small size leads it to adapt perfectly to life in a small apartment, which does not mean that you do not need exercise, just like any other breed of physical activity and a good daily walk during which you can play, get distracted and socialize

It is also a great breed for all those people who enjoy taking their pet with them everywhere, whether it be short or long trips and in any type of medium. The key is to educate them correctly from puppies so that your company is delicious and does not give rise to any kind of inconvenience.

His cheerful character also demands the presence of toys, because it is a very funny puppy, which is not an obstacle so that it is also considered an alert dog that will not hesitate to call the attention of its owners on the noises that it considers dangerous.

Appropriate positive training techniques will be necessary to control the barking tendency that many of these puppies tend to develop given this condition of alert dogs. Conveniently trained, they will bark only when they need to alert for strange noises and not often for nervousness.

Those who have a yorkie, define the puppies of this breed as very familiar, being able to retain all the schedules of the members of the family nucleus. Often their owners allude to their incredible ability to understand how much is spoken in front of them.

Together with being with his family, the next thing a yorkshire likes is the fun. Nothing spiteful, despite how serious they seem to get when things look ugly, make the game their way of life.

His outgoing character and playful attitude make him an extraordinary companion for both the elderly and the young, flooding the house with joy. Of course, nobody is surprised at their tendency to jump from one piece of furniture to another or to chase imaginary enemies.

Relationship with other pets

The yorkshire gets along well with other pets by nature, because it is not a selfish or exclusive animal. Now, given its small size and fragile anatomy, it is important for owners to keep in mind that living with other dogs of a much larger size can call into question the safety of the little yorkie, even more if you consider that his brave character will not make him dare before any great friend.

We must start from the basis that there is no need for a rivalry for a larger dog to harm a yorkshire. No matter how well they get along, it is likely that the big one does not control his strength and that it ends up being our furry little little friend who ends up leading those of losing in the games between them. For this reason, these moments must be, at least, supervised by the owners.

Relationship with children

Although children and yorkies can become good comrades, the truth is that this breed is more recommended for families with older children, who have been educated by their parents in respect for their pets.

As for children who are too young, the games between the two have to be controlled by adults, because their light weight means that in many occasions they tend to take them in their arms and, given their young age, play with them in a way too rude that compromise the safety of the little yorkie, which can end up suffering fracture-style injuries.

Although there is no shortage of those who call them little patients with children, the truth is that a yorkshire has a lot to teach the little ones of the house with regard to trust, mutual affection and affection. That is why, if both parties have been conveniently educated, they can form a perfect binomial.

Feeding

Everyone knows that the type of food you offer your pet will be decisive both in its appearance, as in its quality of life. If you want yours to not lose even one of the hairs of its beautiful mantle and also presumes to be on the line, not being overweight, you will have to control your food rations.

Choose a dry quality feed, which your veterinarian can tell you, who can also guide you on the exact amount of food your small body needs.

If the concept of adequate hygiene is fundamental in a dog of any size, in a lap puppy it is even more so than normally usually ends up in the arms of all family members and this proximity requires an optimal hygienic state.

Dental hygiene

Yorkie teeth are usually compressed and crammed in a narrow jaw, which leads to the accumulation of bacterial plaque, tartar, tooth decay and gum disease.

Avoid it goes through a proper tooth brushing which you will have to get used to as a puppy, given that it is an activity that does not usually please these pets.

Another way to do this is to establish a reward system when you do things right, which consists of cookies or bones that the market puts at your disposal to facilitate this work. It is important that you check that this does not unbalance the caloric intake of your little friend, which could cause you to be overweight.

Bath and drying

The bath of a yorkie can be done once a month, with a special dog shampoo that has a pH similar to that of your skin, that is, around a pH7.

Once you have removed it from the bathroom, you will have to dry it well with a towel, thus removing all the excess water. Then you will apply an electric dryer, at a temperature not too high and sufficiently separated from the body so as not to burn it. Try not to go out until it is completely dry, especially in winter, thus saving colds.

That your hair has a smooth and silky appearance greatly contributes to the natural fat of your fur. This long-haired breed, requires a correct brushing that ends all knots and distributes its natural fat throughout the body, while eliminating dead hair.

From puppy you have to accustom the little yorkie to a brush that will be repeated 2 to 3 times weekly and that you will carry out by applying spray conditioner for dogs when their coat is dry and only applying a little water scattered with your hand, when their coat is fatty.

Vaccines and antiparasitic treatments

When you adopt your little yorkshire, try to always get your vaccination card, so that the veterinarian can know what are the doses that have been administered and which are missing.

In the same way you must follow their instructions from this professional regarding the placement of antiparasitic pipettes and collars that end the problem of fleas, ticks and intestinal worms.

More common diseases

Although the life expectancy of the yorkie is around 15 years of age and that it is a dog that enjoys good health in general, as any other breed tends to suffer a series of health problems , which in their case are specified in the following:

      • Dislocations of tibia and patellar dislocations. These may be the consequences of the blows that these small dogs must face.
      • Spinal dysfunctions. Their small and fragile anatomy can lead them to suffer from pathologies of this type such as herniated disc.
      • Digestive problems. This breed has an excessively sensitive digestive system, so they must follow a regular diet that prevents vomiting and diarrhea.
      • Dental problems. Its small jaw, as we have already indicated, favors the accumulation of plaque, which causes periodontal diseases that can lead to loss> Training

    Think that the seductive character of your little friend can make you succumb to his charms. However cuddly you may want, do not give up on them and stay firm in their education, otherwise you would be doing yourself a disservice, since miniature races are very common "Small dog syndrome", in which the puppy thinks he has taken the reins of the situation and his character becomes capricious and demanding.

    If you do not want it to become a tiny and impolite tyrant, try not to learn your weaknesses, because it would take advantage of any loopholes to try to take control of the situation.

    This way, he turns to positive training, or what is the same, to the reward, mainly affective. You will have to be sweet and soft so that it does not become a scary pet, which does not imply at any time that you cannot impose discipline.

    The best time to start your education would be around 3 months of age. Arm yourself with patience because, despite your intelligence, in the beginning it costs you a bit to accept hygiene.

    Routines such as sphincter control, that your little yorkshire terrier feels or lies down and that assimilates his bath and brushing well will be some of your main tasks.